The main purpose of the school is to provide an understanding of current advances and problems in the relationship between fundamental physics, astrophysics and cosmology that is as up-to-date and unified as possible. In recent years, the cross section between these fields has increased, both theoretically and experimentally. Examples are activities such as particle physics experiments, astronomical observations, and data collection from space satellites. This interaction has fruitfully influenced the research activity that is giving rise to astrofundamental physics. The school’s goals include covering a broad spectrum of topics (both with theory and observation), including: the early universe and new approaches to quantum gravity such as string theory, the large-scale structure of the universe, the dark matter problem, cosmic microwave background radiation, gravitational wave astronomy, and neutrino astrophysics. Each of these topics contains enough information to constitute a course in its own right. Moreover, the interrelationship between these topics is important and a source of problems at the frontiers of current knowledge and experimental limitations. The most recent data available limit the theory and models of these topics. The school’s courses will bring together experimental and theoretical physicists, astrophysicists, and astronomers from diverse backgrounds. Courses are aimed at senior scientists, postdoctoral students, and advanced graduate students. Scientific excellence will be an expectation for all courses at the school. The International School of Astrophysics “Daniel Chalonge” is named after the pioneering French astrophysicist Daniel Chalonge (1895-1977), for his work in experimental and theoretical astrophysics. He was a personality of his time, one of the founders of the Institut d’Astrophysique de Paris. He also worked at the Observatoire de Paris, the Observatoire d’Histoire d’Haute Provence and the Jungfraujoch station in Switzerland, where particle physics experiments (such as the Manchester-CERN collaboration) were performed. In France he pioneered and created stellar spectroscopy and precision spectrophotometry, as well as working on the design and construction of new instruments such as the hydrogen tube and the microphotometer that bears his name. His major contributions include the study of the spectrum of the atomic hydrogen continuum in stars; the basis of a stellar spectral classification based on two and three new parameters (position, size, and gradient flux of the Balmer discontinuity); and accurate measurements of the ozone layer of the atmosphere.