The branch of physics and technology dealing with the generation and exploitation of coherent electromagnetic radiation by atomic systems is known as Quantum Electronics. The production of coherent radiation was first realized in 1954 with the microwave range; the laboratory source was called MASER. Its applications were mainly limited to low-noise amplification systems, useful in space communications and astrophysical research. Much more revolutionary was the production of coherent radiation in the optical and infrared range in 1960; the device was called LASER. The advent of the laser revitalized an area of physical and technical research that had been very active from the end of the last century until the mid-1930s, when it was considered rather obsolete considering the exciting discoveries in nuclear and subnuclear physics of those years. This area includes, among others, classical optics, electrodynamics of dense media, and the information capabilities of an electromagnetic beam. It cannot be assumed that all universities and technical schools are able to provide the necessary teaching of the basic physics of quantum electronics. Among those whose scientific training was completed prior to the development of Quantum Electronics there is an increasing need for postgraduate studies. In addition, there will exist a continuing demand in the field of Quantum Electronics applications because of the great diversity of this field. The educational goal of this School is to provide a high standard of teaching to meet both needs. It is a policy goal to establish international contacts between students and top scientists from all countries. It is an economic goal to promote innovation by teaching the latest techniques at the highest possible level.