The term ‘artificial organs’ refers to those devices that partially or fully replace the loss of function of a vital organ. These include the heart, liver, kidneys, and pancreas. The development in the use of artificial organs in recent years has reached such a level that it is no longer a dream to replace the functions of essential organs. The loss of an organ no longer means the loss of life; thousands of people worldwide are now alive thanks to artificial organs. The International School of Artificial Organs is a multidisciplinary institution for the promotion of artificial organ studies and the teaching and dissemination of their application to medicine. The fields covered by the school extend to the design of new devices and materials and their testing, as well as the clinical application of the various artificial organs currently available (heart, kidney, pancreas, etc.). Evaluation of the effectiveness of artificial organs in terms of pathophysiology and biological tolerance on the part of the recipient is also part of the programme. The final part of the curriculum includes the study of the social and economic implications that accompany the use of artificial organs. The search for better clinical outcomes from these studies engages a wide range of equally related participants, including physicians, biologists, chemists, physicists, engineers, and bioengineers. Communication between various international schools from different disciplines has already led to the conception and official formation, first announced at a workshop of the Erice School in 1989, of the International Faculty for Artificial Organs, aimed at training tomorrow’s scientists at postgraduate level.